What Does It Mean?
The derivation of history or a word
A form of moving from one place to another in the trees.
A lifestyle of animals that is active in the day. Opposite of nocturnal, being active in the night.
Eating both animal and plant foods.
Belonging to the same species.
Is non-maternal infant care by other individuals in the family or group.
Dedicated to Joey,
Cebus Capusinus group:
Cebus Apela group:
White Fronted Capuchin
White Faced Capuchin
Black Capped Capuchin
Black Striped Capuchin
Golden Bellied Capuchin
Capuchin monkeys are primarily arboreal and diurnal species. Their diets are omnivorous as they exploit a variety of food sources including: eggs, small vertebrates, seeds, fruits, vegetation, etc. Capuchins live in social groups between 5-30 individuals. This social grouping is typically uni-male multi-female (UM-MF). The lifespan of a Capuchin in the wild is up to 25 years, while those in captivity can live much longer (see photo of Mrs. Spock, below). These monkeys are the most intelligent of all the New World monkeys. They have been observed to use tools in the wild and have even passed the self-awareness mirror test.
Tufted Brown Capuchin
Threats to these little monkeys, like most wildlife, are due to habitat loss and degradation. In addition, the trade in Capuchin monkeys poses a serious threat to their survival in the wild. Trade of Capuchin monkeys is primarily for the pet-trades. Many individuals are captive bred while others are caught from the wild.
Serious welfare implications arise in the keeping of non-human primates as pets. Primates that are kept as pets are most often deprived in physical and social conditions compromising their welfare. It is extremely difficult to meet the physical and psychological needs for pet primates as they are living without their conspecifics. Primates sold in the pet trade may be maternally deprived as they are prematurely separated both behaviorally and nutritionally from their mothers. Mothering and allomothering is vital to the social development in this genus.
View video of wild tufted capuchin monkeys courtesy of Arkive.org
Written by Kaitlyn Elizabeth-Foley for her February 2012 Letters from the Field blog series.
Nut-Cracking Monkeys Use Shapes to Strategize Their Use of Tools
On February 27, 2013, ScienceDaily reported the following:
Bearded capuchin monkeys deliberately place palm nuts in a stable position on a surface before trying to crack them open, revealing their capacity to use tactile information to improve tool use.